Who maintains Consumer Price Index in India?

Who maintains Consumer Price Index in India?

In India, there are four consumer price index numbers, which are calculated, and these are as follows:
CPI for Industrial Workers (IW)
–  The Consumer Price Index for the industrial workers (CPI-IW) has 260 items (plus the services) in its basket with 2001 as the base year (the first base year was 1958-59). The data is collected at 76 centres with one month’s frequency and the index has a time lag of one month. It contains 120-160 commodities in its basket. Basically, this index specifies the government employees (other than banks’ and embassies’ personnel). The wages/salaries of the central government employees are revised on the basis of the changes occurring in this index, the dearness allowance (DA) is announced twice a year. When the Pay Commissions recommend pay revisions, the base
is the CPI (IW).
CPI for Agricultural Labourers (AL)
–  The Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labourers (CPI-AL) has 1986-87 as its base year with
260 commodities in its basket. The data is collected in 600 villages with a monthly frequency and has three weeks’ time lag. This index is used for revising minimum wages for agricultural labourers in different states.
CPI for Rural Labourers (RL)
–  There is yet another Consumer Price Index for the Rural Labourers (CPI-RL) with 1983 as the base year, data is collected at 600 villages on monthly frequency with three weeks’ time lag, and its basket contains 260 commodities.
–  In 2011 the CSO brought out a revised CPI, which was CPI (Urban), CPI (Rural) and CPI (Urban
+ Rural) with 2010 as the base price. The combined one would take into account the data from both the indices taking appropriate weights.
–  When compared to the WPI, CPI has much larger weightage of primary articles which is 57%.
What this essentially means is that food inflation is reflected much more appropriately in the CPI when compared to the WPI which gives only 20% weightage to primary articles.
–  To compile the database for CPI-urban, the federal statistics office has been collecting data from
retail outlets in more than 100 cities, and for CPI-rural data collection is underway in more than 1,200 villages. Due to a shortage of staff, the statistics department has roped in officials from various departments including the postal department. More than 2,400 postmen were engaged in collection of retail prices from villages across the country. Currently, the labor ministry and the commerce and industry ministry are involved in compiling and releasing inflation figures.
The ministry is also awaiting the cabinet’s approval for a single nodal agency for compiling data.
CPI for Urban Non-Manual Employees (UNME)
–  This index depicts the changes in the level of average retail prices of goods and services consumed by the urban segment of the population.
–  The target group of this index was urban families who derived major portion of their income from non-manual occupations in the non-agricultural sector.
–  This index had a limited use as it was used for determining dearness allowances of employees
of some foreign companies working in India in service sectors such as airlines, communications,
banking, insurance and other fi nancial services.
While the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation collects CPI (UNME) data and compiles it, the remaining three are collected by the Labour Bureau in the Ministry of Labour.

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