LOKPAL

Why in news? PM-led selection panel recently cleared and recommended the former Supreme Court Judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose as first Lokpal of India. Background • The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 was enacted after the Indian anti-corruption movement of 2011 with series of protests for the Jan Lokpal Bill. • However, the appointment of the […]

COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA

Background • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) constituted under Article 148, is the guardian of the public purse and controls the entire financial system of the country at both the levels—the Centre and the state. • Under Article 149, the Constitution empowers the Parliament to prescribe the duties and powers of the […]

CABINET COMMITTEES

Why in news? Recently the central government has reconstituted eight key cabinet committees including creation of two new committees, one on investment and growth and another on employment and skill development. About Cabinet Committees • They are extra-constitutional bodies, which are provided by the Governments of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961. • They are […]

RESERVATION FOR ECONOMICALLY WEAKER SECTIONS

Why in news? President gave assent to The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 (124th Constitution Amendment Bill) to provide 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions to the economically weaker sections (EWS) among those who are not covered under any reservation plan. Key features of the amendment • The Act amends Article 15 to […]

GOVERNOR’S ROLE IN DISSOLUTION OF STATE ASSEMBLIES

Why in news? Jammu and Kashmir Governor recently dissolved the State Assembly (which has been in suspended animation) when two political parties separately staked claim to form a government. More about news • The reasons for the dissolution were: the “extensive horse trading” and the possibility that a government formed by parties with “opposing political […]